The latest report from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention shows that the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhea is increasing, with an estimated 110 million Americans now being infected with an STD.
The most common STD is chlamydia, with the number of infections rising by 4,7% from 2015 to 2016. The STD increases were seen nationwide, with the lowest rates occurring in the Northeast and the highest in the South. The problem with Chlamydia is that it’s mostly asymptomatic and it is possible that the increase in reported cases may be due to technological development, i.e. more sensitive/accurate screening methods.
Young adult women and adolescents boast the highest rates of chlamydia, with a survey finding 9.2% of teenage girls between 15 to 19 years old being infected, and just 8% of women aged 20 to 24. Chlamydia is still most common in Alaska and Native Americans and African Americans, even if the rates of infection decreased by 3,5% among blacks and 6.4% among the Alaskan/Natives.
Gonorrhea infections increased 22,2% among men from 2015 to 2016 and 13,8% among women in the same period. The vast majority of cases (92%) are people between 15 to 44 years old. The recommended treatment for gonorrhea infections consists of taking 2 antibiotics, ceftriaxone and azithromycin respectively (simultaneously). But the problem is, the virus is becoming increasingly resistant to both antibiotics, as Dr. Gail Bolan, the director of sexually transmitted disease prevention at the C.D.C. was quoted as saying:
“Several drug trials are going on now that we hope will provide new treatments for gonorrhea
“But these treatment trials take years, and we don’t know if these new drugs will be safe and effective.”
A much more dangerous STD is making a big comeback, and we’re talking about syphilis cases in 2016 rocketing, with most cases being among men (90%) homosexuals. The rates of infection with primary/secondary syphilis in 2016 is at its highest in 23 years and it increased especially from 2015 to 2016 in every age group/all races. The highest incidence of syphilis was observed among people in their 20s.